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Published in December 1997, this important document outlines years of experience in the sanitation sector for one of SDI's oldest affiliates to whom much is owed in the way of learning on how to provide affordable and accessible sanitation options to urban poor communities.

General

The Basic Services for the Urban Poor (BSUP) sub-Mission of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) sought to address the needs of some of the lowest-income and most vulnerable urban dwellers in Indian cities. The promise was that these residents would receive ‘a garland of 7 entitlements’ – security of tenure, affordable housing, water, sanitation, health, education and social security in low-income settlements in the 63 Mission cities. We researched the outcomes of the BSUP in five Indian cities (Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Patna, Pune and Visakhapatnam), which were selected because of their diversity. They presented a wide range of socio-economic contexts and economic development and also differed in the nature and extent of civil society involvement in BSUP programming.  

Academic

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by Joel Bolnick, IIED Working Paper, December 2016.

Academic

By Sheela Patel, Aseena Viccajee, and Jockin Arputham, IIED Working Paper, January 2017

Academic

How the women of Mahila Milan in India learned to plan, design, finance and build housing, By Sheela Patel, Jockin Arputham and Sheridan Bartlett, Environment & Urbanization Copyright © 2015 International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), Vol 28(1): 223–240.

Academic

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By Sheela Patel and the SPARC team, Environment and Urbanisation, Vol. 27(1)

Academic

Written by SPARC India, 2014

General

The Times Of India Mumbai, 6 July 2011

Written by: Sukhada Tatke, The Times of India Mumbai, 7 September 2011